Additional Resources

Gramig, G. and C. Keene. 2017. Organic Management of Canada Thistle. North Dakota State University Extension (W1860). Available at https://www.ag.ndsu.edu/publications/crops/organic-management-of-canada-thistle.

Orloff N, Mangold J, Miller Z, Menalled F. 2018. A meta-analysis of field bindweed (Convolvulus arvensis L.) and Canada thistle (Cirsium arvense L.) management in organic agricultural systems. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment. 254:264-272. doi: 10.1016/j.agee.2017.11.024